Chowpatty beach is not only a beach for Mumbai but it is heart of the city.
This beach does not mean sunbathing and surfing. Chowpatty is a place where
meetings were organised during the freedom struggle.
Gateway Of India
The Gateway of India is the icon of Mumbai. It was designed by Wittet and
is built in the 16th century architectural style of Gujarat. Gateway of
India was built to commemorate the visit of King George V and Queen Mary to
India in 1911. After that function, this crypto-Moresque has welcomed many
visitors. The Gate was formally opened in 1924. Today it is a famous haunt
for the residents for Mumbai. Near the Gateway of India is Taj Mahal Hotel,
one of the most famous and luxurious hotels in India. It is said that the
Hotel was built in 1903 after JN Tata was refused in a hotel for being a
native. Nearby are the statues of Swami Vivekanand and Shivaji astride his
Built in the English Gothic Style the building of Mumbai High court
certainly meant to impress the native of might and justice of Britishers.
The attractive building was built in 1878. The main structure rises 54.2 m
in height and is surmounted by the statues representing Justice and Mercy.
It seems that one of the local stone carver had something else in his mind
and carved a blind ape as the statue of Justice.
Also known as the Flora fountain because of the fountain. It is located at
one of the established business center of Mumbai. The chowk is named after
Roman God of Abundance. It was erected in 1869 in honour of Sir Bartle
Frere, Governor of Mumbai who was responsible for shaping much of Mumbai.
The Jain temple built in white marble is dedicated to Adinath the first
tirthankara or apostle of Jains. The temple is decorated with paintings
depicting incidents from the life of Tirthankaras. The first floor of the
temple is particularly dedicated to Parasnath. His image has been carved out
in black marble and images of planets adorn the ceiling as given in the
Mani Bhawan (Gandhi Memorial)
It is here that Gandhiji stayed during his visits to Mumbai between
1917-34. This place has been converted into a memorial and a small museum
has been made. The museum displays pictures and books related to the life of
Gandhiji. There is also a small library. Near Mani Bhawan is August Kranti
Maidan from where Gandhiji declared the Quit India movement in 1942.
Also called the Netaji Subhash Chandra Marg, it is a promenade along the
water front. The drive runs from the Nariman point to Chowpatty beach and
ends at the Malabar hills. The drive is built on the land reclaimed from the
Back Bay along the Arabian coast. The place is a beautiful to watch the
sunset. In the night the whole drive is lit by street lights that give it
are very unique expression. Due to the street lights formaing shape of a
necklace, it is also called "Queen's Necklace".
The Hanging gardens or Ferozshah Mehta Gardens were laid in 1881 on top of
a reservoir on the Malabar Hills. This place has become a heaven for dating
couples nevertheless the place provides a good view of the city. Nearby is
the Kamla Nehru Park. From the park one can have the best possible views of
the Marine drive and the Chowpatty beach. The Kamla Nehru park was laid in
1952 and was developed mainly as a childrens' park.
Prince Of Wales Museum
Another structure to commemorate the visit of King George V. The building
is built in Indo Sarcenic style and is set in an well laid ornamented
garden. The central hall boasts of a huge dome which is believed to be
inspired by the Golgumbaz. The museum was opened in 1923 and has an
impressive collection of artifacts from Elephanta island, Jogeshwari Caves,
Terracotta Figurines from the Indus valley, Ivory carvings, statues, a large
collection of miniatures and a gloomy portrait of Abrahim Lincoln. The
museum is divided into three sections art, archaeology and natural history.
This aquarium was opened in 1951 and has a very interesting collection of
marine and fresh water specimens. The aquarium was constructed at a cost of
eight lakh and has shell & shell craft and fishery byproducts on
display. A pipeline brings water from the sea directly for the marine
Chattrapati Shivaji Terminus
One of the most imposing buildings in Mumbai, it was from Chattrapati
Shivaji Terminus that the first train rolled out towards Thane. The Terminus
carries the Gothic architectural style and is largest building designed by
F.W Stevens. A large statue of queen Victoria is kept at the entrance of the
terminus. The main structure is surmounted by a statue of progress. The
clock on tower is 3.19m in diameter. carvings of peacocks, gargoyles,
monkeys, elephants and British lions are mixed up among the buttresses,
domes, turrets, spires and stained glass windows. The terminus looks more
like a cathedral than a terminus.
National Gallery of Modern Art
The national gallery of Modern art in Mumbai exhibits lots of modern Indian
art which are of a very high quality. The showcase includes a collection of
some very interesting pieces of art. National Gallery is the revamped
version of Sir Cowasji Jehangir Public hall. Near the National Gallery is
the Jehangir art gallery which is the venue for exhibitions to many artists
and on various occasions. The place also organises exhibitions for touring
This mosque is located in the causeway protruding into the Arabian sea. The
white mosque is the tomb of Saint Haji Ali. Haji Ali was a wealthy Muslim
who renounced the world and proceeded to Mecca. It is said that he died in
Mecca and the casket miraculously drifted and came to the spot where the
mosque is built toady. The mosque can only be approached during low tide.
The mosque is surrounded by refreshment stalls and other kinds of shops
which take away the sombre of the place.
Juhu again is a beach which is not for sunbathing or swimming. The beach is
lined by Bungalows and high rise apartments which have now become part of
the land scape. Close by the Juhu beach is the Versova Beach which is the
largest home for the Koli fishermen. Juhu beach is a crowded place with
animal rides, balloons, acrobats, monkeys and cricket being played on the
beach itself. The beaches at Gangatiphule, Murud-Janjira and Manori are
other famous sandy idylls in Maharashtra.
North of the Crawford market is a predominantly Muslim area which is dotted
by Chawls (dwelling clusters). Without a visit to the busy bazaars of
Kalbadevi no visit to Mumbai is complete. This place is very crowded unlike
the south Mumbai. Near Kalbadevi is the Jama Masjid and the Mumbadevi temple
dedicated to the patron God of Mumbai's original inhabitants. It is one of
the best places to wander aimlessly untill you are tired.
Eight km from the center of the city, it tells about the universe. the
Nehru planetarium is engaged in recreating image of the sky as seen from any
where on the Earth any time. It unfolds the mysteries of the cosmos. They
also screening regular film shows on the outer space which are of particular
interest for children. Close by is the Nehru Science center which is a
science park and permanent exhibits on intricacies of life. The antique
models of Railway engines, aeroplanes, tramcar and steam lorry are very
exciting to see.